Prevention and Intervention

Prevention and intervention activities are paramount to reducing the number of overdose deaths in the United States. Evidence-based programs that promote appropriate screening and interventions and educate healthcare professionals about the potential dangers of prescribing controlled substances, programs that educate children about the risks of underage drinking and programs that improve the culture around prescription drug misuse and abuse, illicit drug use, tobacco use and alcoholism are essential to preventing the unending suffering from substance use disorder.


Search for NAMSDL materials about drug and alcohol abuse prevention and intervention

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Controlled Substances Return and Disposal: 2016 Legislative Session Bill Status Update
The executive summary of the 1993 President's Commission on Model State Drug Laws that seeks to establish a comprehensive continuum of responses and services, encompassing prevention, education, detection, treatment, rehabilitation, and law enforcement to allow individuals and communities to fully address alcohol and other drug problems.
50 state compilation of states with Needle Exchange Programs
50 state compilation and maps of overview of state pain management and prescribing policies. There are two main sections in the overview. The first section contains relevant information regarding state statutes, regulations and the guidelines related to the treatment of chronic pain and prescribing practices. Topics include: practitioner education requirements, pain treatment requirements or guidelines, referral of patients and limitations on the prescribing of Schedule II and Schedule III prescription drugs. The second section includes information related to the regulation of pain clinics and facilities with a focus on treatment of pain. Topics include: registration of pain clinics and treatment facilities, restrictions on who may own a pain clinic or treatment facility and requirement to have and responsibilities of a medical director. Subsections include a summary of the information within each subsection and may include state-specific provisions. At the end of each subsection is a national map or maps reflecting which states have the particular requirement or recommendation.
50 state compilation state statutes and regulations relative to chronic pain and pain management with emphasis on pain management clinics. The first portion of this document outlines the common components of state statutes and regulations relative to privately and publically owned and operated pain clinics. As of June 2012, there are eight states that have laws or regulations that specifically address the operation of pain management clinics. Provisions cited include existing statutes and regulations from Florida, Kentucky, Ohio, Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, Texas and West Virginia. States have a wide variety of additional statues and regulations relative to pain management and the prescribing of controlled substances to manage pain - that information is summarized in the second portion of this document. Please note that the statutory examples noted in each section represent only a sample of relevant language from each state’s respective pain clinic laws and regulations. Additionally, sections such as the “Exemptions” section may include bullet points that do not necessarily apply to every state with a pain clinic law or regulation.
Map of states with Needle Exchange Programs
A model law that requires use of the most effective practices to transfer stabilized overdose survivors directly and immediately to clinically appropriate treatment and recovery support services.
A model law that requires use of the most effective practices to transfer stabilized overdose survivors directly and immediately to clinically appropriate treatment and recovery support services.
A model resolution directing the Single State Authority on Drugs and Alcohol to assemble a panel of parents of children who have been affected by drug and alcohol abuse and addiction to advise and make recommendations on obstacles blocking access to drug and alcohol addiction treatment.
The 2019 National Drug Control Strategy from the Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP) that establishes the national initiatives and priorities to combat illicit drug use and treat people suffering from substance use disorders.


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